en

Donate using

Other ways to donate

The newest product in the donation store




Go to the donation store >

SOS photo albums

SOS photo albums
More pictures
Hits: 36015358
Today hits: + 10721
Login:

Password:


Login

Forgot your password?
Register

About cruelty to animals

I. Introduction

Scientific research shows that intentional cruelty towards animals (unlike carelessness and neglect) is connected to violence and cruelty towards people[1]. It is known to psychologists that individuals who experience pleasure by causing harm to animals are more likely to express violent behavior towards people. In some cases convicted murderers were known to have tortured animals before. In USA, The Federal Bureau of Investigation has found that records of serial killers and rapists often display repetitive facts of cruelty to animals. Research conducted with the patients of psychiatric clinics reveal that patients who have tortured cats and dogs on more than one occasion express more aggression towards people. This is why many countries of the world hold strict views on cruelty to animals and have laws imposing punishment for this kind of offence.

It is worth noting that children who tend to abuse animals are often those who have seen or experienced violence themselves. The American Humane Association of USA has announced that results of two unrelated studies reveal that in one third of the families that encounter domestic violence, at least one child has harmed or killed an animal. It is widely thought that the scale of animal abuse can be reduced by appropriate education, when children are taught respect and compassion for the animals.

The laws of many countries establish minimal requirements for the care and treatment of animals (the best possible treatment of illness and pleasant behavior is not demanded). It is usually stated that the animal must be provided with shelter, food, water, and, if needed, medical treatment. It is prohibited to torture or inhumanely kill animals. Controversial traditional shows (rodeo, circus) or medical tests on animals are in some cases not mentioned in the conception of cruelty defined by the law.


[1]Abuse of pets linked to abuse in families// The Oregonian., 2009-10-20.

Why acts of animal cruelty should set off alarm bells// Timaru Herald, 2009-08-26.

http://www.animalcruelty.eu/

http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/abuse_neglect/

http://www.americanhumane.org/protecting-animals/how-do-i-help-an-animal/


II. What is considered as cruelty towards animals?

Cruelty to animals is a person’s actions that cause the animals pain, unnecessary stress, suffering or death.

A list of actions considered as animal abuse, their torture:

1) Consciously leaving an animal without an owner or uncared for, with the exception of temporary leaving of the animal in conditions that are not a threat to its health, life or welfare;

2) Intimidating, injuring or killing an animal, with the exception of cases stated by the law;

3) Using an animal as a target;

4) Organization of animal fights or fights that include animals, training an animal for fights;

5) Actions of bestiality with animals or promotion of these actions;

6) Animal slaughter without stunning, with the exceptions mentioned in article 19 of this law;

7) Animal operation without anesthesia;

8) Veterinarian procedures, aiming to change the appearance of the animal (shortening or cutting the ears, beard, crest, beak or tail; injuring or removing the vocal chords, claws, wings, hoofs or fangs; plucking the feathers or removing them in any other way, etc.) or the physiologic functions of the animal, harming the body parts or the structure of the soft tissue or bones, with the exception of cases stated by the law or based on a private veterinary doctor’s decision concerning the animal’s health;

9) Using substances that stimulate the animal’s potential, heighten its productivity, working capacity or sport results, with the exception of substances authorized by the law or in cases stated by the law;

10) Using chemical substances harmful to the animal’s health or causing irritation or other measures and equipment that may cause the animal stress, fear, suffering or have any other harmful consequences to the animal’s health and welfare;

11) Instructing or training the animal by provoking it or by other means that cause the animal pain and fear, aiming to exceed its natural abilities or using artificial means that injure or cause unnecessary pain or suffering;

12) Inciting the animal’s aggression towards other animals or people while training animals, with the exception of training animals for official purposes;

13) Animal breeding that causes harmful effects for the animal’s health and welfare;

14) Keeping the animal in conditions that do not meet the ones stated by law and appropriate to its species, age, physiology and behavior;

15) Failing to take care of the animal’s health, welfare or the equipment needed for keeping and exploiting the animal;

16) Failing to provide enough food and fresh water for the animal;

17) Failing to ensure rest for the animal;

18) Using animals as feed for other animals, with the exception of the cases when such feeding is imperative by the biology of the animal that is being fed;

19) Transporting animals by vehicles that are not adapted or unsuitable for the transportation of animals of that species;

20) Using an animal for advertisements, filming, photographing, exhibitions and other events if they cause the animal pain, suffering, the animal is made to exceed its natural abilities or is mutilated;

21)Killing cats and dogs for the purpose of obtaining their fur, meat or other parts of the body, also the import, export , trade or production of cat and dog meat, fur or its products;

22) Releasing wild animals that had been under the care of people, if these animals weren’t properly prepared for living in natural environment;

23) Permission or arrangement of conditions by the keeper (owner) of the animal to carry out the actions stated in points 1-23;

24) Other actions that cause the animal death, pain, suffering; threatening the animal’s health or life, with the exceptions of cases stated in the law. 


III. What is the liability for cruelty to animals?

It is prohibited to abuse animals and torture them, promote and invite cruelty to animals and their torture, incite violence against animals by any means, either direct or indirect. Administrative or criminal liability is imposed for cruel behavior with animals or their torture.

Article 90 of the Lithuania Code of Administrative Violations imposes sanctions for cruel behavior to animals (a fine of 100 to 300 LTL).

Article 310 of the Criminal Code imposes criminal liability for cruelty to an animal if the animal was killed or mutilated. The punishment for this crime is community services or fines, arrest or imprisonment up to one year.

At the moment proposals for stricter sanctions for animal cruelty are being considered.


IV. What to do if you notice animals being abused?

Cruelty to animals cannot be tolerated. Failing to report cruelty to animals implies approval of animal torture and justification of the torturers. It is important to know that the people who torture animals often engage in violence against people as well.

If you notice cruelty to animals call the police hotline 112 immediately, because only the police can use the appropriate means of action. Use every possibility to gather evidence that could help determine the circumstances of the incident, for example, write down the serial numbers of the vehicle that the animal was thrown out of, or take a picture.

You can also call the Public Food and Veterinary Service on the free helpline: +370 800 40403. 


V. Sanctions approved by law in some of the other countries

Poland

Part 11 of the Animal Protection Act [1] imposes penalties for violations of the regulations stated in the law. Unjustifiable or inhumane killing or injuring of the animal, also the killing of the animal that doesn’t follow the provisions stated in article 33 of this law imposes imprisonment up to one year, or restrictions of freedom, or a monetary fine. If the manner in which the animal was killed is particularly cruel, an imprisonment up to two years can be imposed. The Court can also add a fine of up to 2500 PLN. The money is given to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Association or a similar organization, which works in the field of animal care. Also, the Court may decide to remove the animal from the care of the person who has committed the crime if the animal belongs to that person, or prohibit the person to work in any field connected with animals or participate in corresponding activities.

Bulgaria

The Animal Welfare Law [2] states that particularly cruel behavior (art 10) with animals (the conscious killing of an animal, intentional incurable mutilation, organization of animal fights, shooting of stray or wild animals) imposes a fine of 500 to 1000 BGN. If the person commits acts of cruelty with an animal the person owns, the animal is taken away. If such a violation is committed by a veterinary doctor or laboratory assistant, an officer or an official person, or a person carrying out his or her duties which are related to animal care, the person is punishable with a fine of 1000 to 1500 BGN. A legal person or a person participating in individual activity is punished with a 1500 to 2000 BGN fine for the same violation. For the second violation the fine is increased to a 1000 to 2000 BGN for an individual and 2000 to 3000 BGN for a legal person.

For violation of the requirements stated in part 3 of this law (the keeping and care of animals) a fine of 1000 to 2000 BGN for individuals is applied. For repetitive violations the fine is doubled. Veterinary doctors and technicians, also the persons mentioned in the previous paragraph receive a fine of 2000 to 3000 BGN for the same violation, and a fine of up to 5000 BGN for repetitive violations. 

Romania

Animal Welfare Act [3] (2004) applies a fine of 50 to 500 EUR for the mistreatment of animals (neglect and cruelty). If the person commits three violations within two years, the animal is taken away from the person’s care.

Finland

For the violations of the Act on Animal Protection, punishments stated in sections 14 and 15 of article 17 of the Criminal Code [4] are applied. For cruelty to animals and infliction of pain, imprisonment up to 2 years or a monetary fine is imposed. For lesser violations only a fine is imposed.

It may be temporarily or permanently prohibited for a person convicted for violations of the Act on Animal Protection to keep animals (in general or of a particular species) and/or care for them. The animals this person owns may be taken away.

Sweden

A person who has violated the regulations of the Animal Welfare Act, i.e. has caused the animal pain and made it suffer deliberately or by neglect, is punishable for cruelty to animals by imprisonment up to 2 years and/or a monetary fine (Criminal Code, part 16, art 13) [5].

Norway

Article 37 of the Animal Welfare Act [6] states that the persons who have violated the regulations of this act deliberately or by neglect are to be punished by monetary fines and /or imprisonment up to one year. Serious violations may be punished by imprisonment up to three years.

The extent and consequences of the violation are considered when determining the degree of seriousness. The law obliges the persons who found an ill or injured animal to provide help. This includes the persons who have injured the animal. In this case they are obliged to compensate the costs of treatment and other costs.

United Kingdom

Animal Welfare Act (2006) [7] states that cruelty to animals is punishable by imprisonment up to 51 weeks and/or a fine up to 20 000 GBP.

Belgium

Animal Welfare Act [8] (1986) states that a punishment of imprisonment from 1 to 3 months and a fine of 26 BEF (~0,65 EUR) to 1000 BEF (25 EUR) is to be applied for a person who:

- organizes animal fights or practices of animal shooting, participates in these activities with his or her animals or as a spectator, organizes or participates in betting;

- leaves an animal with the intention of abandoning it;

- allows painful chirurgical interventions to be performed on the animal, thereby violating the regulations of this law;

- performs amputations prohibited by this law;

- gives the animal away for tests inconsistent with the specified conditions;

-has sexual intercourse with animals;

-other (art 35)

A fine of 26 to 1000 BEF is applied for a person who:

- encourages an animal’s aggression towards other animals by purposefully training;

- forces the animal to work clearly exceeding its natural abilities;

-uses dogs for carrying heavy loads or as working animals;

-sells, buys, trades or keeps a blinded bird;

- uses the animal for the purposes of taming, exhibiting, advertising or similar purposes when it is clear such use causes the animal pain, suffering or injury;

- makes the animal to drink or feeds it by force;

- gives the animal away to a person under 16 years of age;

- keeps or trades painted animals;

- offers or presents animals as prizes in competitions, lotteries, betting etc. (art 36)

In addition to the punishments stated in articles 35 and 36, the Court may order to close the institution in which the violations were made (art 37)

In a case of relapse, if the violations are repeated less than 3 years after the conviction for violations stated in article 36 and paragraph 1 of article 35, the time of imprisonment and fines are doubled.

In case of relapse, if the violations are repeated less than 3 years after the conviction for the violation stated in paragraph 2 of article 35, the maximum time of imprisonment is increased up to one year, and the fine is doubled.

The Court may also order to close the institution in which the violations were made permanently or for a period of 2 months to 5 years (art 39).

In addition to the conviction, considering the most important points of the violation, the Court may forbid the keeping of one or several species of animals permanently or for a period of 1 month to 3 years (art 40).

The violation of the regulations or resolutions stated by this law, not mentioned in art 35 and 36, are punishable with a fine of 26 to 250 EUR (art 41).

The Court may order to confiscate the animals, their bodies, meat or any objects that are the objects of the violation, that helped make the violation or which were meant to help make the violation.

The animals are confiscated immediately in cases when they are used for fights or as targets in practices, when they are left with the intention of abandoning them or when the case is connected with the keeping or trade of blinded birds (art 42).

The money collected for betting, the money for tickets and also the objects or equipment used for the previously mentioned fights or shooting are confiscated (art 43).

France

The Criminal Code article 521-1 states that cruelty – of a sexual nature, or cruelty towards a domestic animal as well as one tamed or held in captivity is punishable by imprisonment of 2 years and a fine of 30 000 EUR.

The Court may decide to confiscate the animal and order for it to be transferred to an animal care institution.

Individuals found guilty of the violations stated in this article are additionally prohibited from keeping animals and are deprived of the right to carry out their professional or public activities if the equipment used for these activities was used for the preparation or execution of the violation.

Legal persons are punished by fines and penalties according to the principles and regulations applied to legal persons [9].

The regulations of this article of the code are not applied for traditional bull fights or cockfights. But the stated punishments are applied for the installation of a new site for cockfights.

The same punishments are applied for the abandonment of a domestic animal, as well as a kept in captivity or tamed animal (art 521-1).

Tests or scientific research on animals, if it does not comply with the regulations of the French Council of State decree, are punishable by penalties stated in article 521-1 (art 521-1)

Unintentional harm to the animal’s immunity (harsh behavior, carelessness, inattention, neglect), if it causes a domestic animal, as well as an tamed animal or one kept in captivity, death or injury, imposes a punishment for 3rd class violations [10]. If the convicted person is the owner, or if the owner is unknown, the Court may decide to transfer the animal to an animal care institution (art R653-1).

With the exception of the cases stated in art 511-1, voluntary unnecessary bad behavior with domestic animals, as well as tamed animals or ones kept in captivity, is punishable by a penalty for 4th class violations [11]. If the convicted person is the owner or if the owner is unknown, the Court may decide to transfer the animal to an animal care institution. The regulations of this article are not applied to traditional bull fights or cockfights (art R654-1).

Voluntary unnecessary attempt on a domestic animal’s, as well as a tamed or kept in captivity animal’s life is punishable by a penalty for 5th class violations [12]. Relapse is punishable as stated in art 132-11 [13] The regulations of this article are not applied for traditional bull fights or cockfighs (art R655-1).

Switzerland

Swiss Federal Act on Animal Protection [14] imposes a monetary fine or imprisonment for cruelty to animals or other violations of the regulations of this law.

If the person committed these acts by neglect, this person is punishable by imprisonment or a monetary fine up to 20 000 CHF.

Spain

Cruelty to animals is divided to three categories of seriousness.

Very serious crimes (killing an animal for the entertainment of an audience, the death of an animal caused by disregard of treatment and care requirements, the death of an animal caused by torture, animal fights, the filming of animals for commercials, movies, television etc., when such a “work of art” results in the death of an animal) are punishable by monetary fines of 6001 to 100 000 EUR [15].

Serious crimes – the injury of an animal, the use of an animal for purposes prohibited by the law, disregard of the requirements of keeping and care of animals imposes a monetary fine of 601 to 6000 EUR.

Italy

A person who has abandoned his or her cat or dog, has failed to register and tattoo the animal he or she owns, or sold the animal for experiments, or violated the law in other ways is punishable with a monetary fine.

Cruelty to animals may be punished by imprisonment for a period of three months to three years and a fine of 3000 to 15 000 EUR, and organization of animal fights – with a fine of up to 160 000 EUR (law No 189/2004 [16], Criminal Code amendments) [17].

Malta

Animal Welfare Act [18] states that violations of the regulations of this law are punishable with a monetary fine of 100 to 20 000 MTL or imprisonment up to one year, or imprisonment and a monetary fine. Additionally the right to work in a field connected with animal care may be limited or denied, or the animal confiscated.

USA

Every state of the USA and the District of Columbia has laws prohibiting cruelty to animals [19]. The acts of law do not grant rights for the animals but ensure a certain legal protection. The purpose of these laws is to discourage people from violence by introducing penalties and to protect the animals from mistreatment and cruelty. In 45 states and the District of Columbia cruelty to animals is considered a serious crime. In 25 states organizing dog fights is illegal and considered a serious crime. In 40 of the states the law obliges to provide a suitable shelter to the animal, because harsh weather can cause illness.

The Federal Law includes the Animal Welfare Act [20], that states regulations for laboratories, state and private shelters and animal transportation. The act was signed into law in 1966. Since then seven amendments have been made – in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002, 2007 and 2008. It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport and trade. Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable standard.

Name of state

Sanctions for first-time offences towards animals

Alabama

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. Intentional torture of an animal is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 10 years.

Alaska

A fine up to 5000$ or imprisonment up to one year.

Arizona

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2500$ and/or imprisonment for 6 months. Deliberate neglect is punishable with a fine up to 150 000 $ and/or imprisonment up to 1,5 years.

Arkansas

A fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

California

A fine up to 20 000 $ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Colorado

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 400 to 5000$ and a sum of 400$ for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals fund. If there are aggravating circumstances the penalty is a fine up to 100 000$ and imprisonment up to 3 years. 

Connecticut

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Deliberate/ planned torture of an animal is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Delaware

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 1000$, imprisonment up to one year, prohibition of animal ownership for 5 years. Deliberate cruelty is punishable with a fine of 5000$, imprisonment up to 3 years, prohibition of animal ownership for 15 years.

District of Columbia

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 250$ and/or imprisonment up to 180 days. If the animal suffers severe injury or dies as the result of cruelty, the penalty rises to a fine up to 25 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Florida

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Deliberate cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years. Intentional torture is punishable with a fine up to 2500$ and psychological treatment.

Georgia

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances the fine goes up to 15 000 $ and/or imprisonment for a period of 1 to 5 years.

Hawaii

A fine up to 2000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Idaho

A fine of 100 to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months.

Illinois

Failure to carry out the duties of the owner is punishable with a fine up to 1500$, imprisonment up to 6 months. Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2500$, imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances the penalty goes up to a fine up to 25 000$, imprisonment for 1 to 3 years and a probationary period of one year. Animal torture is punishable with a fine up to 25 000$, imprisonment for 2 to 5 years, a probationary period of one year.

Indiana

A fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Iowa

Harsh treatment of an animal is punishable with a fine of 500 to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years. Neglect is punishable with a fine of 50 to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to 30 days. Torture is punishable with a fine of 500 to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years and psychological treatment.

Kansas

A fine up to 2500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Kentucky

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Animal torture is punishable with a fine of 500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Louisiana

Harsh treatment of an animal is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. If there are aggravating circumstances, cruelty to animals is punishable with a fine of 5000 to 25 000$ and/or imprisonment for 1 to 10 years. 

Main

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 500 to 2500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances, cruelty is punishable with a fine of 1000 to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Maryland

Cruelty or neglect is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days. If there are aggravating circumstances, cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 3 years.

Massachusetts

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days. Deliberate killing of an animal is punishable by imprisonment up to 5 years or a fine up to 2500$ and imprisonment up to 2,5 years.

Michigan

Cruelty to animals is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 93 days and/or 200 hours of community services. Deliberate cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 4 years and/or up to 500 hours of community services.

Minnesota

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 700$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days. Deliberate cruelty when the animal is seriously injured is punishable with a fine up to 3000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Deliberate cruelty when the animal dies or is severely injured is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years. If the animal is harmed with the purpose of intimidating another person, the penalty goes up to a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 4 years.

Mississippi

Cruelty to animals is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ or imprisonment up to 6 months.

Missouri

Neglect is punishable with a fine up to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to 15 days. Harsh treatment is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Torture/ mutilation is punishable with a fine up to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Montana

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances, cruelty is punishable with a fine up to2500$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years.

Nebraska

Cruelty, neglect or abandonment is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Torture, continuous beating or mutilation is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Nevada

A fine of 200 to 1000$, imprisonment for 2 days to 6 months, 48 to 120 hours of community services.

New Hampshire

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Beating, including lashing, torture or mutilation is punishable with a fine up to 4000$ and/or imprisonment up to 7 years.

New Jersey

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 250 to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. If there are aggravating circumstances, the penalty is a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 18 months. If the animal dies as a result of cruelty or a repeated crime, the penalty is 15 000$ and/or imprisonment for 3 to 5 years.

New Mexico

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Particularly cruel cases are punishable with a fine of 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 18 months.

New York

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances, cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

North Carolina

A monetary fine and period of imprisonment is imposed by discretion of the court.

North Dakota

A fine up to 2000$ and imprisonment up to 1 year.

Ohio

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 750$ and /or imprisonment up to 90 days. Cruelty to domestic animals is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days.

Oklahoma

Throwing the animal out of home is punishable with a fine of 100 to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ or imprisonment up to one year in county jail or up to 5 years in a correctional facility.

Oregon

Deliberate injuring of an animal is punishable with a fine up to 2000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. Serious injuring that may cause death is punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances, the penalty is 100 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

Pennsylvania

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 50 to 750$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days. Killing, mutilating or disfiguring an animal is punishable with a fine no less than 500$. Killing, mutilating or disfiguring a cat or dog, that is or is not owned by the convicted person is punishable with a fine of no less than 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years.

Rod Island

Unnecessary cruelty is punishable with a fine of 50 to 500$ and/or imprisonment up to 11 months. Deliberate injuring or killing of an animal is punishable with a fine of 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years, the court may order to compensate the damage; 10 hours of community services.

South Carolina

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 100 to 500$ and imprisonment up to 60 days.
Torture, injuring or cruel killing of an animal is punishable with a fine of 5000$ and imprisonment from 180 days to 5 years (i.e. , this particular fine is imposed along with imprisonment).

South Dakota

A fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 1 year.

Tennessee

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2500$ and/or imprisonment for 11 months, 29 days to 30 years. A violation with aggravating circumstances or subsequent convictions are punishable with a fine up to 3000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 years.

Texas

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 4000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Torturing, killing or using an animal for fights is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment for 180 days to 2 years.

Utah

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. If there are aggravating circumstances, the penalty is a fine up to 2500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year.

Vermont

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2000$ and/or imprisoning up to one year. If there are aggravating circumstances, the penalty is a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 3 years.

Virginia

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 2500$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Torture is punishable with a fine up to 2500$.

Washington

Second degree cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 90 days.
First degree cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 5 years.

West Virginia

Cruelty is punishable with a fine of 300 to 1000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. Torture is punishable with a fine of 1000 to 5000$ and imprisonment for 1 to 3 years.

Wisconsin

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. Mutilating or killing an animal is punishable with a fine up to 10 000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years.

Wyoming

Cruelty is punishable with a fine up to 750$ and/or imprisonment up to 6 months. If there are aggravating circumstances or the violations are repeated, the penalty is a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to one year. Particularly cruel cases are punishable with a fine up to 5000$ and/or imprisonment up to 2 years.

Compiled by Jūratė Musteikytė, Sigitas Daukša, Department of Economic and Social Information, tel. 6175.

Dainora Valiukaitė, General Department of Information, tel.6177. 



[8] 14 AOUT 1986. - Loi relative à la protection et au bien-être des animaux.

[9] For example, the fine may be five times as big as a fine for an individual, or it may reach 1 million EUR.

[10] Maximum 450 EUR. For example, first degree violations are punishable with a maximum fine of 38 EUR, and second degree violations – with a maximum fine of 150 EUR (BK art 131-13)

[11] Maximum 750 EUR.

[12] Maximum 1500 EUR, but in case of a relapse the sum may be enlarged to 3000 EUR.

[13] J] If the person convicted for 5th degree violations repeats the violations in a period of one year, the fine increases up to 3000 EUR.

[16] http://www.saluter.it/wcm/saluter/bisogni/prevenzione_salute/animali/animali_compagnia/linkallegati/legge%20maltrattamento.pdf

Disposizioni concernenti il divieto di maltrattamento degli animali, nonché di impiego

degli stessi in combattimenti clandestini o competizioni non autorizzate

Creator: The site runs on the 1C-Bitrix       Design: DESS